Human Trafficking is Both a Federal and State Crime
The federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 designates sex and labor trafficking as “severe forms of trafficking in persons”:
Sex trafficking: A commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age.
Labor trafficking: The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Federal law includes: the TVPA, its reauthorizations, the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act, and the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014.
Tennessee's trafficking law prohibits a defense to prosecution based on the willingness of the minor to engage in the commercial sex act. ... Restitution is mandatory, and civil remedies are specifically authorized for victims of sex trafficking. The criminal statute of limitations is extended for some crimes.